The modern state of Afghanistan with its current administrative structure dates back to the efforts of King Abdurrahman Khan during the end of the 19th century (1880-1901). Until the middle of the 20th century, Afghanistan was ruled by the absolute power of the king. Two constitutions were promulgated, in 1923 and 1931, both affirming the power of the monarchy. The constitution of 1964, however, provided for a constitutional monarchy, based on the separation of executive, legislative, and judicial authorities.
The present day Constitution, agreed upon by more that 500 delegates from all across the country, was formally ratified by president Hamid Karzai at a ceremony in Kabul on January the 26, 2004. Article six of Chapter one states that ‘The state shall be obligated to create a prosperous and progressive society based on social justice, preservation of human dignity, protection of human rights, realization of democracy, attainment of national unity as well as equality between all peoples and tribes and balance development of all areas of the country.’
Furthermore, Afghanistan is to remain an Islamic Republic, independent, unitary, and indivisible state. Islam is the religion of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. Followers of other faiths shall be free within the bounds of law in the exercise and performance of their religious rituals. More details