Food security is among the most pressing challenges faced by South Asia. It is of prime importance in the present day scenario, in view the high rate of population growth, high concentration of poor households and low per capita
income, in spite of a reasonable rate of GDP growth prevalent in the countries of South Asia.
Most of the poor in South Asia are dependent on agriculture for their livelihood and survival. Approximately, 60 per cent of the labour force is involved in agriculture and the sector accounts for 23 per cent of GDP (IFPRI).
Change in food consumption, poverty, land degradation, intensive farming, climate change and disasters are some of the pressures for food insecurity.